Amazing engineering marvels of China
Fateh, 4 February 2015, Nirapad News : It should come as no surprise that the nation that built the Great Wall is also be home to some of the largest and most impressive engineering marvels of the modern world. Look at some of these monstrous projects in more detail.
Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
Opened in June 2011, this is the world’s longest cross-sea bridge. The 42-kilometer-long span has six lanes and connects China’s eastern port city of Qingdao to an off-shore island, Huangdao. Costing $2.3 billion, it took a decade to complete.
Completed in 2014, Shanghai Tower is the country’s tallest building and the second tallest in the world. The 125-story skyscraper was built at a cost of $4.2 billion.
Costing $18 billion, the Yangshan Port is a deep-water port for container ships in Hangzhou Bay, south of Shanghai. The largest of its kind anywhere on Earth, more than 33.6 million containers passed through Yangshan in 2013.
New Century Global Center
Situated in Chengdu, this mammoth building opened in July 2013. With 1.7 million square meters of floor space, it is the largest building in the world. It was built at a cost of $2 billion.
Gansu Wind Farm
Predicted to be the largest wind turbine farm in the world once it is completed in 2020, the Gansu Wind Farm’s cost estimate is $17.5 billion. China is pumping investment into wind power, which is more cost-competitive than solar energy.
Understanding the value of being able to export goods overland, December 2014 saw the first freight train arrive in Madrid that originated in the Chinese city of Yiwu (pictured). Taking 20 days and dubbed the “21st-century Silk Road,” the first shipment saw 1,400 tons of cargo moved over 13,000 kilometers in a journey that passed through six countries — Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany and France — en route to Spain.
Three Gorges Dam
The largest operating hydroelectric dam in the world, the Three Gorges is built along the Yangtze river in Yichang. Construction, which began in 1994, was finally completed in 2014.
Songjiang Shimao Hotel
Currently under construction, this unique hotel is being built in a 100-meter-deep quarry with an estimated cost of $523 million. Designed by Atkins, it will feature artificial waterfalls, underwater rooms and adventure sporting facilities, amongst other attractions.
Hong Kong Zhuhai-Macau Bridge
In an effort to reduce travel time from Hong Kong to Macau or Zhuhai, the HZMB is a combined bridge and tunnel sea-crossing project. Expected to be completed by late 2016, it will play a significant role in boosting the economy of the region.
The city of Dalian, China, is in the process of building what it said to be the largest “seadrome” airport in Asia. Additional projects in the area include a new urban transit system and a tunnel, rumored to cost around $36 billion.