Biologists to restore splendid cat, lynx, wiped out around 700 AD
10 November 2015, Nirapad News: The Lynx UK Trust, a well-organised group of wildlife biologists, is preparing to restore lynx, the species, to what was once the north-western end of its range across Europe and Asia, according to a report in the global media.
Lynx that the hunters wiped out around 700AD, according to most estimates, is thus likely to be the next mammal to be reintroduced into the country, with boar and beavers already back in Britain.
This species — lynx – shared the same fate over the years by as that of the wolf and bear, as well as the wild boar and beaver, the report added.
Public-opinion surveys, carried out by the trust earlier this year, showed strong support for bringing back the lynx, with 91 per cent of respondents supporting a trial reintroduction, it further said.
However, many farmers are reported to be unconvinced, fearing that the lynx will prey on their livestock, particularly lambs, pigs and poultry.
The trust, after completing a public consultation that ends early next month, will apply next year for licences to release lynx at up to five sites in England and Scotland. On the shortlist are: Thetford Forest, Norfolk; the Lake District, Cumbria; Kielder Forest, Northumberland; Kintyre, Argyll; and an area north-east of the Cairngorms in Aberdeenshire, according to the report.
Lynx in continental Europe, the trust said, focus on wild deer and kill very few farm animals — with one exception: Norway’s 400 lynx kill on average as many as 20 sheep each in a year, and farmers there see them as a significant pest, the report adds.
The Eurasian species formally known as Lynx grows to about a metre long and 30kg in weight. Its most characteristic feature is a tuft of black hair on the tip of each ear; this is believed to improve hearing, as the lynx lurks in the forest listening out for its favourite prey: deer. Its thick, double-layered coat was the main reason for its demise in Britain and much of western Europe — it made fine fur clothing for humans, the report added.