This day in History
Today is Tuesday, 23 December 2014,
1861 Lord Lyons, The British minister to America presents a formal complaint to secretary of state, William Seward, regarding the Trent affair.
1900 The Federal Party, which recognizes American sovereignty, is formed in the Philippines.
1919 Great Britain institutes a new constitution for India.
1921 President Warren G. Harding frees Socialist Eugene Debs and 23 other political prisoners.
1933 Pope Pius XI condemns the Nazi sterilization program.
1937 London warns Rome to stop anti-British propaganda in Palestine.
1939 The first Canadian troops arrive in Britain.
1940 Chiang Kai-shek dissolves all Communist associations in China.
1941 Despite throwing back an earlier Japanese amphibious assault, the U.S. Marines and Navy defenders on Wake Island capitulate to a second Japanese invasion.
1944 General Dwight D. Eisenhower confirms the death sentence of Private Eddie Slovik, the only American shot for desertion since the Civil War.
1947 President Harry S Truman grants a pardon to 1,523 who had evaded the World War II draft.
1948 Japan’s Prime Minister, Hideki Tojo and six other collaborators are hanged for war crimes.
1950 General Walton H. Walker, the commander of the Eighth Army in Korea, is killed in a jeep accident. Lieutenant General Matthew B. Ridgeway is named his successor.
1967 U.S. Navy SEALs are ambushed during an operation southeast of Saigon.
1974 The B-1 bomber makes its first successful test flight.
The Voyager completes the first nonstop flight around the globe on one load of fuel. The experimental aircraft, piloted Americans Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California after nine days and four minutes in the sky.
1990 In a referendum on Sovlenia’s independence from Yugoslovia, 88.5% vote in favor of independence.
2002 An Iraqi MiG-25 shoots down a US MQ-1 Predator drone.
Born on December 23
1777 Alexander I, czar of Russia.
1790 Jean François Champollion, French founder of Egyptology who deciphered the Rosetta Stone.
1805 Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon Church.
1867 Madame C. J. Walker, first female African American millionaire.
1933 Emperor Akihito, Emperor of Japan. Broke with tradition by marrying Michiko Shoda, the first non-aristocrat to join the royal family.
1935 Paul Hornung, pro football player; member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
1938 Bob Kahn, computer scientist and engineer; co-developed the Transmission Control Protocol that web browsers use to connect to servers on the World Wide Web.
1943 Queen Silvia of Sweden (born Silvia Renate Sommerlath); suppose of King Carl XVI Gustaf.
1944 US Army General Wesley Clark; while serving as Supreme Allied Commander Europe in NATO (1997–2000) he commanded Operation Allied Force in the Kosovo War.
1952 William Kristol, American politician, journalist; founded The Weekly Standard, an influential neoconservative opinion publication.
1953 Maria Vladimirovna, Grand Duchess of Russia.