This day in History
Today is Saturday, 21 February 2015,
Today is the International Mother Language Day, Bangladesh observes this ‘Language Martyrs Day’, ‘Basha Dibash’ gloriously every year which was earned in 1952 through the bloodshed and sacrifice of many students who rose up in protest against the Pakistani government when they declared Urdu and defended the ‘Bangla’ language as the Mother’s tongue for all Bangladeshis.International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999.
1595 The Jesuit poet Robert Southwell is hanged for “treason” being a Catholic.
1631 Michael Romanov, son of the Patriarch of Moscow, is elected Russian Tsar.
1744 The British blockade of Toulon is broken by 27 French and Spanish warships attacking 29 British ships.
1775 As troubles with Great Britain increase, colonists in Massachusetts vote to buy military equipment for 15,000 men.
1797 Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to the British.
1828 The first issue of the Cherokee Phoenix is printed, both in English and in the newly invented Cherokee alphabet.
1849 In the Second Sikh War, Sir Hugh Gough’s well placed guns win a victory over a Sikh force twice the size of his at Gujerat on the Chenab River, assuring British control of the Punjab for years to come.
1862 The Texas Rangers win a Confederate victory in the Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico.
1878 The world’s first telephone book is issued by the New Haven Connecticut Telephone Company containing the names of its 50 subscribers.
1885 The Washington Monument is dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1905 The Mukden campaign of the Russo-Japanese War, begins.
1916 The battle of Verdun begins with an unprecedented German artillery barrage of the French lines.
1940 The Germans begin construction of a concentration camp at Auschwitz.
1944 Hideki Tojo becomes chief of staff of the Japanese army.
1949 Nicaragua and Costa Rica sign a friendship treaty ending hostilities over their borders.
1951 The U. S. Eighth Army launches Operation Killer, a counterattack to push Chinese forces north of the Han River in Korea.
1956 A grand jury in Montgomery, Alabama indicts 115 in a Negro bus boycott.
1960 Havana places all Cuban industry under direct control of the government.
1965 El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcom X) is assassinated in front of 400 people.
1972 Richard Nixon arrives in Beijing, China, becoming the first U.S. president to visit a country not diplomatically recognized by the U.S.
1974 A report claims that the use of defoliants by the U.S. has scarred Vietnam for a century.
Born on February 21
1794 Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, Mexican Revolutionary.
1801 John Henry Newman, English theologian and writer.
1821 Charles Scribner, founded the publishing firm which became Charles Scribner’s Sons and also founded Scribner’s magazine.
1893 Andés Segovia, Spanish classical guitarist.
1907 W.H. Auden, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet (The Age of Anxiety).
1920 Robert S. Johnson, American World War II fighter ace who shot down 27 German planes.
1927 Erma Bombeck, author and humorist (The Grass is Always Greener Over the Septic Tank).