This day in History
Today is Thursday, 19 March 2015,
1687 The French explorer La Salle is murdered in by his own men while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi, along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1702 On the death of William III of Orange, Anne Stuart, sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1822 Boston is incorporated as a city.
1879 Jim Currie opens fire on the actors Maurice Barrymore and Ben Porter near Marshall, Texas. His shots wound Barrymore and kill Porter.
1903 The U.S. Senate ratifies the Cuban treaty, gaining naval bases in Guantanamo and Bahia Honda.
1916 The First Aero Squadron takes off from Columbus, NM to join Gen. John J. Pershing and his Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa in Mexico.
1917 The Adamson Act, eight hour day for railroad workers, is ruled constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.
1918 Congress authorizes Daylight Savings Time.
1920 The U.S. Senate rejects the Versailles Treaty for the second time.
1924 U.S. troops are rushed to Tegucigalpa as rebel forces take the Honduran capital.
1931 The state of Nevada legalizes gambling.
1935 The British fire on 20,000 Muslims in India, killing 23.
1936 The Soviet Union signs a pact of assistance with Mongolia against Japan.
1944 The German 352nd Infantry Division deploys along the coast of France.
1945 Adolf Hitler orders a scorched-earth policy for his retreating German armies in the west and east.
1947 Chiang Kai-Shek’s government forces take control of Yenan, the former headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party.
1949 The Soviet People’s Council signs the constitution of the German Democratic Republic, and declares that the North Atlantic Treaty is merely a war weapon.
1963 In Costa Rica, President John F. Kennedy and six Latin American presidents pledge to fight Communism.
1977 Congo President Marien Ngouabi is killed by a suicide commando.
1981 One technician is killed and two others are injured during a routine test on space shuttle Columbia.
Born on March 19
1589 William Bradford, governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years.
1721 Tobias George Smollett, satirical author and physician (Roderick Random, Humphrey Clinker).
1813 David Livingston, explorer found by Arthur Stanley in Africa.
1821 Sir Richard Burton, English explorer.
1848 Wyatt Earp, U.S. marshal.
1849 Alfred von Tirpitz, Prussian admiral who commanded the German fleet in early World War I.
1860 William Jennings Bryan, orator, statesman, known as “The Great Communicator.”
1889 Sarah Gertrude Millina, South African writer (The Dark River, God’s Stepchildren).
1891 Earl Warren, governor of California, later 14th Supreme Court Chief Justice.
1904 John J. Sirica, U.S. Federal Judge who ruled on Watergate issues.
1906 Adolf Eichman, Nazi Gestapo officer.
1912 Adolf Galland, German Luftwaffe pilot.
1925 Brent Scrowcroft, Lt. Gen. (USAF), National Security Advisor to President George H.W. Bush.
1933 Phillip Roth, American novelist and short-story writer (Portnoy’s Complaint).